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GUIMARÃES
CASTLE
A relic of Portuguese independence, square turrets protrude along the castle walls and its overall shape and design is unusual and very organic. In the centre is the keep, the main, tallest and most central of the towers, standing 27 metres high. The walls, with embrasures, extend around it in an almost pentagonal arrangement.
You can take a thrilling walk along the top of the castle walls.
HISTORIC CENTRE

The old city centre, full of streets, lanes and squares, is a wonderful place to visit. It dates back to medieval times and some houses from this period have been preserved alongside the more modern buildings. Change has taken place so gradually that the urban landscape has not suffered and, although it is a historic area, this part of Guimarães is still very lively.

The Praça de Santiago is roughly triangular and contains a row of typically northern houses. Each small, narrow house is slightly different from the others, giving it a uniform but varied appearance. The Largo da Oliveira is a masterpiece of its time, containing traditional three or four-storey houses whose lower sections are supported by colonnades, one of which has ogival arches, giving it the ancient and venerable appearance of the city in far-off medieval times. In the middle of the square stands the unusual Salado memorial consisting of four ogival arches sheltering a limestone cross.
The two squares are connected via the arches beneath one of the buildings, which act as a kind of urban diaphragm. In the centre, the open space and the various architectural features offer many interesting sights for visitors, the most important of which is the Nossa Senhora da Oliveira church.


It is inscribed on the Unesco World Heritage List.

NOSSA SENHORA DA OLIVEIRA CHURCH
The exterior outlines of the church, with its main doorway and two lower façades on each side is echoed in the division of the interior into three naves. The large Gothic doorway has three archivolts supported by six columns and a large carved window above it.
The interior is divided into the three main and side areas by pillars and the altar is decorated with panels depicting two saints.
There is a series of Italian and Byzantine influenced paintings on the ceiling and the 17th. century choir stalls are Neoclassical in design.
The Romanesque cloisters annexed to the church are influenced by Arab culture.
PALACE OF THE DUKES OF BRAGANÇA
This palace dates from the late Middle Ages and has four tall façades with a veranda running level with the cornices. A number of different chimneys can be seen on the roof. The general appearance of the building is very reminiscent of similar buildings in Burgundy from the same period. The entrance is via a Gothic cloister whose upper storey has many small upright apertures.
The Palace contains a museum centre housed in various rooms, displaying hackbuts, swords, spears, muskets and furniture. One of the rooms contains a striking canvas by Josefa de Óbidos entitled "O Cordeiro Pascal" (“The Easter Lamb”).
The ceiling of the banqueting hall is designed to resemble the keel of a ship seen from the inside.
SÃO MIGUEL CHAPEL
An essentially nationalist historiography perpetrated the legend that this was the chapel where King Afonso Henriques was baptised. In fact, the present day São Miguel do Castelo church is an 18th. century building commissioned by the Guimarães Collegiate.
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