You can take a thrilling walk along the top of the castle walls.
The old city centre, full of streets, lanes and squares, is a wonderful place to visit. It dates back to medieval times and some houses from this period have been preserved alongside the more modern buildings. Change has taken place so gradually that the urban landscape has not suffered and, although it is a historic area, this part of Guimarães is still very lively.
The Praça de Santiago is roughly triangular and contains a row of typically northern houses. Each small, narrow house is slightly different from the others, giving it a uniform but varied appearance. The Largo da Oliveira is a masterpiece of its time, containing traditional three or four-storey houses whose lower sections are supported by colonnades, one of which has ogival arches, giving it the ancient and venerable appearance of the city in far-off medieval times. In the middle of the square stands the unusual Salado memorial consisting of four ogival arches sheltering a limestone cross.
The two squares are connected via the arches beneath one of the buildings, which act as a kind of urban diaphragm. In the centre, the open space and the various architectural features offer many interesting sights for visitors, the most important of which is the Nossa Senhora da Oliveira church.
It is inscribed on the Unesco World Heritage List.
The interior is divided into the three main and side areas by pillars and the altar is decorated with panels depicting two saints.
There is a series of Italian and Byzantine influenced paintings on the ceiling and the 17th. century choir stalls are Neoclassical in design.
The Romanesque cloisters annexed to the church are influenced by Arab culture.
The Palace contains a museum centre housed in various rooms, displaying hackbuts, swords, spears, muskets and furniture. One of the rooms contains a striking canvas by Josefa de Óbidos entitled "O Cordeiro Pascal" (“The Easter Lamb”).
The ceiling of the banqueting hall is designed to resemble the keel of a ship seen from the inside.